Revised by Jennifer Mulholland in collaboration with Renée Sporre Willes
and Jorge Nallem.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 04.06.2001.
Guard dog used for protection of cattle.
molossoid type dog, originating from Tenerife and Gran Canaria (Canary
Islands). It appears to be the result of matings between the “majorero”,
a prehispanic dog indigenous to these islands, and other molossoids
introduced to the Canary Islands.
These matings produced an ethnical group of mastiff-type dogs, of medium size, brindle or fawn with white marking, with a specific molossoid morphology but yet agile and powerful, having a strong temperament, robust and lively, loyal character.
the XVI and XVII centuries, the number of these dogs increased
considerably and numerous references to them in pre-Conquest historical
texts, especially in the “Cedularios del Cabildo” (municipal
registers), which explain their duties essentially as guard dogs and
protectors of cattle.
A medium sized molossoid, with a rectilinear profile and
black mask. Robust and well-proportioned. The body is longer than
the height at the withers; this characteristic is more noticeable in the female.
: Calm appearance; attentive expression. Especially suited to guarding
and traditionally used for herding cattle. Balanced temperament and very
self-confident. Low and deep bark. Obedient and docile with family
members, very devoted to its master, but is suspicious of strangers.
Massive, brachycephalic and compact in appearance, covered with supple,
loose skin. The shape tends towards a slightly elongated cube.
Skull-foreface proportion is 60-40%.
The width of the skull is 3/5 of the total length of the head.
The stop is pronounced, but not abrupt. The furrow between the frontal
lobes is well defined and is about two thirds the size of the skull. The
cranial-facial lines are parallel or slightly converging.
Shorter than the skull, normally about 40% of the total length of the
head. The width is 2/3 of that of the skull. Very wide base, narrowing
slightly towards the nose. Bridge of the nose is flat and straight,
The upper lip is pendulous, although not excessively. Seen from the
front, the upper and lower lips come together to form an inverted V. The
flews are slightly divergent. The inside of the lips is a dark colour.
Scissor-bite. Pincer-bite is admitted but not desirable due to the
dental erosion produced. Slightly undershot is accepted. The dental arch
is wide at the canines. The teeth are wide and solidly set. Large
molars, small incisors, well developed canines..
Slightly oval in shape, from medium to large in size. Set well
apart, but neither sunken nor protruding. Eyelids are black and
tight-fitting, never sagging. The colour varies from dark to medium
brown, depending on the colour of the coat. They should never be light.
Medium sized, set well apart, with short and fine hair. They fall
naturally on each side of the head. If folded, they do so in the shape
of a rose. They are set on slightly above eye level. Ears set too high
and very close on the head are considered unusual. In countries were
cropping is allowed, they must stand erect.
Shorter than the length of the head. Skin on the underside is loose,
forming a slight dewlap. Solid and straight, it tends to be cylindrical
: Long, broad and deep, it is 18 to 20% longer than the height at the
withers; this aspect is more pronounced in females. The flanks are only
Straight, without deformations and sustained by well developed but
barely visible muscles. Rising slightly from the withers to the croup.
Saddle or roach backs are unacceptable.
Medium, broad and rounded. Should not be long as this would limit
movement. The female is usually broader.
With great capacity and well defined pectoral muscles. Seen from both
the front and the side, it should be well let down to at least the
elbow. Thoracic perimeter is usually equal to the height at the withers
plus 45%. Well sprung ribcage.
: Slightly tucked up, never sagging.
Thick base, tapering to the tip, down to the hock but no longer. Medium
set on. In action it rises like a sabre, but without curling nor leaning
towards the back. At rest it hangs straight with a slight curve at the
Well angulated, oblique with forearms well balanced, straight. Strong
boned and well muscled.
: Must be neither too close to the ribs nor sticking out.
The distance from elbow to ground should be 50% of the
height at the withers for males and a little less for females.
(Pasterns): Very solid and slightly sloping.
: Cat feet with rounded toes, not too close together. Well developed and
black pads. Nails are dark, white nails should be avoided, although they
can occur in function of coat colour.
Strong and parallel, without deviation.
Long and well muscled thighs. Angulation not very pronounced but should
not be insufficient.
: Always well let down.
Slightly longer than the front feet, otherwise identical.
On the move, the Dogo Canario is agile and supple and should cover a lot
of ground. Long reach. The tail is carried low and the head is carried
only a little above the
level of the back.
Thick and elastic. Loose on and around the neck. When alert, the skin on
the head forms symmetrical wrinkles which fan
out from the furrow between the front lobes.
Short, coarse, flat with no undercoat (it can appear in neck and behind
the thighs). Rather coarse to the touch.
Very short and fine in the ears, slightly longer on the withers
and on the back of thighs.
mask is always black, and should not spread above eyelevel.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at the withers :
60 to 65 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in
exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and
welfare of the dog.
dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be